Scleromatobacter humisilvae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from oak forest soil

Paru dans International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology

Mieszkin, S., Trouche, B., Ancousture, J., Raouf, Y., Uroz, S., Alain, K. (2023)

A novel bacterial strain, designated BS-T2-15T, isolated from forest soil in close proximity to decaying oak wood, was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences as well as phylogenomic analyses based on coding sequences of 340 concatenated core proteins indicated that strain BS-T2-15T forms a distinct and robust lineage in the Rubrivivax–Roseateles –Leptothrix–Azohydromonas –Aquincola–Ideonella branch of the order Burkholderiales . The amino acid identity and the percentage of conserved proteins between the genome of strain BS-T2-15T and genomes of closely related type strains ranged from 64.27 to 66.57% and from 40.89 to 49.27 %, respectively, providing genomic evidence that strain BS-T2-15T represents a new genus. Its cells are Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile by a polar flagellum, rod-shaped and form incrusted white to ivory colonies. Optimal growth is observed at 20–22 °C, pH 6 and 0% NaCl. The predominant fatty acids of strain BS-T2-15T are C16 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C14 : 0 2-OH. Its polar lipid profile consists of a mixture of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol and its main respiratory quinone is ubiquinone 8. The estimated size of its genome is 6.28 Mb with a DNA G+C content of 69.56 mol%. Therefore, on the basis of phenotypic and genotypic properties, the new strain BS-T2-15T represents a novel genus and species for which the name Scleromatobacter humisilvae gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is BS-T2-15T (DSM 113115T=UBOCC-M-3373T).