Genome analysis of a new sulphur disproportionating species Thermosulfurimonas strain F29 and comparative genomics of sulfur-disproportionating bacteria from marine hydrothermal vents

Paru dans Microbial Genomics

Allioux,  M., Yvenou, S., Godfroy, A., Shao, Z., Jebbar, M., Alain, K. 

This paper reports on the genome analysis of strain F29 representing a new species of the genus Thermosulfurimonas. This strain, isolated from the Lucky Strike hydrothermal vent field on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, is able to grow by disproportionation of S  with CO2 as a carbon source. Strain F29 possesses a genome of 2,345,565 bp, with a G+C content of 58.09%, and at least one plasmid. The genome analysis revealed complete sets of genes for CO2 fixation via the Wood–Ljungdahl pathway, for sulphate-reduction and for hydrogen oxidation, suggesting the involvement of the strain into carbon, sulphur, and hydrogen cycles of deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Strain F29 genome encodes also several CRISPR sequences, suggesting that the strain may be subjected to viral attacks. Comparative genomics was carried out to decipher sulphur disproportionation pathways. Genomes of sulphur-disproportionating bacteria from marine hydrothermal vents were compared to the genomes of non-sulphur-disproportionating bacteria. This analysis revealed the ubiquitous presence in these genomes of a molybdopterin protein consisting of a large and a small subunit, and an associated chaperone. We hypothesize that these proteins may be involved in the process of elemental sulphur disproportionation.